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Motorized Carts & Low-Speed Utility Vehicles

Responsible Department
Risk Management & Compliance
Effective Date
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    This policy provides guidelines for the operation of electric or gas-powered carts, golf carts, and/or similar type vehicles on University of North Georgia campus properties.  It defines, by State & Federal Laws, the differences between a Personal Transportation Vehicle (PTV) and a Low-Speed Vehicle (LSV) used on public roads. This policy establishes proper safety procedures and practices, which will promote safe operations and provide our students, faculty, staff, alumni and visitors a safe environment. 

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    1. Carts: Used within this document to refer to either low-speed vehicles or personal transportation vehicles as legally defined below.

    2. Low-Speed Vehicles (LSVs): C.G.A. 40-1-1(25.1) – Any four-wheeled electric vehicle whose top speed attainable in one mile is greater than 20 miles per hour but not greater than 25 miles per hour on a paved level surface and which is manufactured in compliance with those federal motor vehicle safety standards for low-speed vehicles set forth in 49 C.F.R. Section 571.500 by the National Highway Safety and Traffic Administration (NHSTA).  (Also see section III.E.)

      1. For use on public roads, all low speed vehicles acquired must meet the National Highway Safety and Traffic Administration Standard 500 and Title 40 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated which is applicable to low-speed vehicles.

      2. Vehicles that meet Title 40/Standard 500 criteria may operate on University roadways and other public roads connected to the campus. The operators must adhere to posted speed limits and operate within established traffic laws.  The operation of these vehicles is limited to public roads with a speed limit of 35 miles per hour or less.

    3. Mobility Aid: Used within this document to refer to any manual or powered device used by a person with a mobility impairment.

    4. Personal Transportation Vehicles (PTVs): C.G.A. 40-1-1(43.1) – (Also see Section III.F)

      1. To be considered a PTV, a vehicle:

        1. Can travel no faster than 20 MPH on level ground
        2. Can transport no more than eight persons.
        3. Must have at least four wheels.
        4. Must have a maximum GVW of 1,375 pounds, and a braking system (including parking brake) sufficient for the weight and passenger capacity.
        5. Must have a reverse warning device, a main power switch, head lamps, reflex reflectors, tail lamps, a horn, a rearview mirror, safety warning labels, hand holds, and hip restraints.

      2. Mobility Aids and All-Terrain Vehicles are specifically excluded from being classified as PTVs.

      3. PTVs may cross public roadways, but are not allowed to travel along such roadways.
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    1. All members of the University of North Georgia are governed by this policy to include students, staff, faculty and contractors / vendors.

    2. Personal transportation vehicles and low-speed utility vehicles owned, leased, or operated on University property or adjacent areas, by departments of the University of North Georgia, may only be used for official department or University business.

    3. Any failure to comply with this policy and its related procedure, including following all motor vehicle laws and safe driving practices, may result in appropriate disciplinary action or suspension / revocation of the cart drivers’ privileges. This includes common safe practices and courteous operations, knowing the carts will be operated where pedestrian, bicycle and vehicle traffic is common. 

    4. All operators of carts must meet the following criteria before operating a cart owned, leased, rented or borrowed by the University of North Georgia:

      1. Possess a valid U.S. driver’s license and be at least 18 years of age. Approved operators shall immediately notify their supervisor if and when their driver’s license is suspended or revoked. 

      2. Have knowledge of and comply with the State of Georgia motor vehicle laws.

      3. The operator must provide authorization for Risk Management to obtain a motor vehicle report (MVR) prior to operating a University vehicle.

      4. Successfully complete a Cart Safety Training Program, including signing an acknowledgement to confirm training participation, which is available on the Risk management or Environmental Health sections of the University’s website.

    5. Low-Speed Vehicle Regulations

      1. During and in preparation for certain special events, the use of LSVs on public roads may become necessary to transport equipment, guests and other items / activities necessary for the event from various points on campus and area adjoining the campus. In these situations, the LSVs must operate on streets that have been closed for the event or are restricted to control or reduce the general flow of traffic.  The LSVs should be operated behind traffic barricades or cones to stay clear of routes of travel used by traditional vehicles.  Extra caution should be used in these situations.

      2. Acquisition of LSVs shall meet all University standards for the purchase of vehicles.

      3. These vehicles will be registered with DOAS, will have license tags, and will be a part of the University fleet.   

    6. Personal Transportation Vehicles Regulations (PTVs)

      1. Acquisition of PTVs shall meet all University standards for the purchase of equipment.

      2. PTVs will not be considered part of the University’s fleet, but will be insured as equipment with DOAS.

    7. Operator Training & Supervisor’s Responsibilities

      1. All cart operators must view a Cart Safety Training Program prior to operating a cart. Any person currently authorized to operate a cart as of the effective date of the policy will have 90 days to complete the required training. The training program is available on the Risk Management section of the University’s website.

      2. Supervisors will assure that each employee in their department who operates Golf Cart/Utility Vehicle is properly advised of this policy.

      3. Supervisors are responsible for obtaining a signed copy of the Golf Cart/Utility Vehicle

      4. Each employee who operates a Golf Cart/Utility Vehicle must complete a Safety Guidelines Acknowledgement Form, attesting to the employee's knowledge and understanding of, and agreement to abide by this policy. This signed acknowledgement must be completed and maintained by the supervisor.

      5. Departments shall provide individual, hands-on training prior to permitting an employee to operate a Golf Cart/Utility Vehicle. This training is to familiarize the employee with aspects of the particular vehicle.

      6. A copy of the attached Personal Transportation Vehicle / Low-Speed Vehicle Operator Instructions will be made available to each trained driver, and a copy will be kept in each vehicle to which it applies.

    8. Persons with impaired mobility are exempt from any training, testing, licensing, or reporting requirements above when utilizing authorized mobility aids.

      1. All ADA requirements related to wheelchairs, mobility aids, and other power-driven mobility devices will be followed by the University.

      2. Only individuals who qualify for a disability-related accommodation may be approved to operate a powered mobility device on campus. Students must contact Disability Services to receive this accommodation.
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    Support Info

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    1. Motorized Carts and Low-Speed Utility Vehicles – Procedure

    2. Low-Speed Utility Vehicle Operator Instructions

    3. Utility Vehicle Safety Guidelines Acknowledgement Form

    4. ADA Requirements - Wheelchairs, Mobility Aids, and Other Power-Driven Mobility Devices

    5. Any related operating procedures must comply with and should reference this policy.

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